For those interested in the full demographic profile of the Lunigiana a detailed analysis is available on the AdminStat Italia web site.

A summary of the characteristics of the area as at 1 January 2018 follows:

  • The total population was 195,849. After a long period of decline following WWII, the population has now stabilised.
  • 7.41% of the population was non-Italian.
  • 0.14% of the population was of UK origin.
  • 36% of non-Italians were Romanians.
  • 23% of non-Italians were of African origin.
  • 12% of non-Italians were Albanians.
  • 42% of the population were over 55 years old.
  • 51% of the population were single/widowed/divorced.
  • There were 89,005 families, the average component being 2.19.


Detailed data may be found on the 8milaCensus web site.

A summary (based on the year 2011 unless otherwise stated) is presented below:

  • People in work: 43% (average for Italy 45%)
  • People with higher education qualifications: 58.7% (average for Italy 55.1%)
  • People living below the poverty line: 3.4% (average for Italy 3%)
  • Average income per person in 2015 was 13,890 euro, the lowest of any of the ten provinces of Tuscany (details here)
  • Average age in 2016 was 47.4yrs
  • Old age index: 213.4 (148.7 for Italy)
  • Over the period 1991-2011 the number of young adults living alone rose threefold from 2% to 6%.

Overall, the Lunigiana is about average in its economic characteristics compared with Italy as a whole.


There are 107 provinces in Italy of which Massa-Carrara (which encompasses the greater part of the Lunigiana) is one. In terms of crime reports per 100,000 people, in 2019 the province ranked 19th at 4,180. For comparison, the number of crime reports per 100,000 people living in Milan was 7,017 – the worst in Italy. (The best rate of 1,493 related to Oristano, Puglia).

Burglary is by far and away the most frequent crime. Theft from the person and internet fraud are the second and third most common. Violent crime is very rare. Full details may be found on the Il Sole 24 Ore web site.